Nothing beats having a huge salad bowl of colourfully arranged yellow peppers, luscuious green lettuce topped off with slices of deep red tomatoes for a hearty meal! The myraid of colours present in a normal salad is enough to whet the appetite of anybody!
Some believe that fruits and vegetables are colourful so as to entice children to eat more of these healthy food——but contrary to this popular belief, vegetables and fruits look colourful because of the natural plant pigments found in them (and that is how the ancient cavemen got their paints to draw with!).
For instance, red fruits and vegetables like tomatoes and strawberries are coloured by pigments known as “lycophene” or “anthocyanin”. These pigments also act as powerful antioxidents that protect our body cells from damage. Similarly, dark fruits like grapes and raisins also have “anthicyanin” present in them.
On the other hand, orange fruits like pumplins and carrots are filled with “carotenoids” which are then converted to Vitamin A in our bodies.
”Lutein”, another important pigment that helps keep our eyes healthy is present in green vegetables like celery, cucumber and spinach.
That is why scientists, dieticians and your mother keep reminding you that eating more vegetables and fruits is good for you!
In fact, nutritionists also explain that the more brightly coloured the fruit or vegetable, the more vitamins it has!
For more information, read these wonderful books on fruits and vegetables!
1) Fruits by Ann Thomas
Call Number: English 641.3 THO